SAYINGS OF FIRST HOLY IMAM
Hadith of Ali ibn Abi Talib
People act like mirrors; friends reflect your good qualities and enemies your faults.
Ten social virtues
Generosity, modesty, truthfulness, integrity, hospitality, decency, courage, tolerance, steadfastness and gratitude
A person is sincere if his words and deeds, exterior and interior are the same; he fulfills his pledges and maintains purity in worship.
A favour is a trust that you must return.
Courtesy conceals genetic flaws.
Intelligence blossoms on courtesy.
Truth unites, falsehood divides. Stay with the truthful, no matter how few; stay away from the false, no matter how many.
Satan first creates discord in congregations, then divides and destroys.
Speech is the scale, which reason makes weighty, ignorance makes weightless.
A man reveals himself through his speech.
The knowledge expressed only through speech is the meanest; that which is demonstrated through every act of the body is sublime.
Learning through experience
He who learns a lesson from each experience will save himself from ruin.
In the rise and fall of fortunes are lessons to be learnt.
A man’s folly is demonstrated through three acts:
Talking about matters that don’t concern him
Offering comments when not asked
Interfering in other people’s affairs without understanding
He, who thinks he is the wisest, is the most foolish.
A foolish man speaks without thinking; a wise man thinks before he speaks.
Ignorance reveals itself in the following:
Being angry without cause,
Speaking without need,
Rewarding the undeserving,
Not distinguishing between friend and foe,
Revealing a secret,
The ignorant never realizes his mistake nor accepts advice.
No one ever believes a man who lies.
Ensuring justice for the weak is a sign of nobility.
The greatest of defects is to point out a defect in others, which you yourself possess but fail to notice in yourself.
He is the wisest who tries to mend his own defects rather than keep an eye on the defects of others.
Hypocrites can be identified by the following characteristics:
They say peace but mean war.
Their nourishment is false allegations.
Their generosity is being dishonest.
They keep their distance due to arrogance.
They do not wish anybody well.
They sleep like a log at night and create furor during the day.
They have no respect for the mosque, and present themselves in it at the end of the prayer or worship.
The best revenge is to improve yourself.
It is easier to win your enemy over by sincere measures and good deeds than declare war and dominate him after great bloodshed and destruction.
The best revenge is forgiveness.
A true believer (momin) is never miserly nor ill tempered.
Three things can only ruin:
Arrogance- it brought damnation to Iblis
Avarice- it made Adam lose paradise
Envy- it made Qabeel commit the first murder, and that too of his own brother, Habeel
Envy is to man what rust is to iron.
Malice is an incurable disease, which is also infectious.
He who breeds malice breeds unhappiness and lives in it till he dies.
The worst friend is one who glorifies the disobedience of God.
Try to postpone disobeying God, instead of hurrying to disobey.
He who desires the world is sought by death, and he who is prepared for it, the world seeks to deliver his sustenance to him.
He who waits for death hurries to perform good deeds.
Death for the virtuous is a reward for them, death for the vicious is a relief for the people.
Martyrdom is the best way to depart from this world. I swear by him in whose hand lies the soul of this son of Abu Talib, I would prefer a thousand wounds of the sword in the way of Allah, than disobey Him and die in bed.
[ Taken from "Anecdotes of the Ahlul Bayt", by Murtaza Mutahhari ]